ALEXANDER FADEYEV (1901-1956), a Soviet writer, one of the co-founders of the Union of Soviet Writers and its chairman from 1946 to 1954; an author of "The Young Guard" ("Molodaya Gvardiya).
Fadeyev was a champion of Joseph Stalin, proclaiming him "the greatest humanist the world has ever known". During the 1940s, he actively promoted Zhdanovshchina, a campaign of criticism and persecution against many of the Soviet Union's foremost writers and composers. However, he was a friend of Mikhail Sholokhov. Fadeyev married a famous stage actress, Angelina Stepanova.
In the last years of his life Fadeyev developed a nervous condition, exacerbated by the prolonged abuse of alcohol. Some sources claim that this was mostly due to the denunciation of Stalinism during the Khrushchev Thaw. He eventually committed suicide by shooting himself in the heart at his dacha in Peredelkino, leaving a letter from which one can see his negative attitude to the new leaders of the Party. His death occasioned an epigram by Boris Pasternak, his neighbor.
approx. 3x7 an extremely rare autographed card, dated October 7, 1935; Prague
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